Authoritarian leaders in many countries including Turkey, Syria, Venezuela and the Philippines are adopting President Trump’s practice of calling unfavorable stories “fake news” to delegitimize the media in their own countries, Politico reported Friday.
Politico reports that at least 15 authoritarian leaders have begun to use the phrase to attack free speech and human rights in their countries.
“I’m seeing it more and more,” said Joel Simon, executive director of the Committee to Protect Journalists. Trump “is providing a context and framework for all sorts of authoritarian leaders—or democratic leaders and others who are dissatisfied or upset by critical media coverage—to undermine and discredit reporting.”
“These governments, they’re pushing the boundaries of what it’s possible to get away with in terms of controlling their national media,” said Steve Coll, the dean of Columbia Journalism School. “And there’s no question that this kind of speech makes it easier for them to stretch those boundaries.”
Here are some of Politico’s key findings:
— In February, Syrian President Bashar Assad dismissed an Amnesty International report that 13,000 people had been killed at one of his military prisons by saying, “You can forge anything these days. We are living in a fake news era.”
— Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has complained of being “demonized” by “fake news” reports. Last month, he called reporters “spies” while President Trump laughed along with him.
— In July, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro complained to RT, the Russian state-owned TV network that U.S. intelligence officials call “the Kremlin’s principal international propaganda outlet,” that the media had “spread lots of false versions, lots of lies” about his country. “This is what we call ‘fake news’ today, isn’t it?” he said.
— In March, Chinese state media claimed that a prominent human-rights activist’s account of torture was “fake news.” In May, the People’s Daily newspaper ran an op-ed with the headline, “Trump is right, fake news is the enemy, something China has known for years.”
— On its website, the Russian foreign ministry’s website uses red “Fake news” stamps on unfavorable stories.
Politico also includes the rulers in Poland, Spain, Uganda, Somaliland, Angola, Cambodia, Turkey and Singapore on its list of leaders who have employed the “fake news” refrain.